Â Similar to Borodin, Robert Schumannâ€™s (1810-56) imagination was fueled by literary ideas and poetic images, though less â€śexoticâ€ť ones to be sure. His compositions had been almost exclusively for the piano until he heard Franz Schubertâ€™s â€śGreat C Majorâ€ť symphony in concert in 1839. Schumann found both that experience and an abiding love of nature inspirational enough to compose his Symphony No. 1 in B-Flat Major, Op. 38, which he called the Frühlings-Symphonie (Spring Symphony). Lyrical themes abound in this work; an initial â€śmottoâ€ť first heard as a brass fanfare helps unify the symphonyâ€™s programmatic design. This fanfare, which Schumann wanted to â€śsound as if from on high, like an awakening call,â€ť reappears in the gentle Larghetto and imposingly so among the trombones in the Allegro animato finale.
Â The spring season undoubtedly played a role in the composition of one of the most successful and sunny works of Russian composer Peter Tchaikovsky (1840-93) as well. The spring of 1878 saw the composer on a much-needed leave from his work at the Moscow Conservatory (as well as from his hasty and catastrophic marriage to a student thereof). Violinist Josef Kotek showed Tchaikovsky Eduard Laloâ€™s new Symphonie Espagnol Violin Concerto, Op. 21, after which Tchaikovsky set about composing his own violin concerto, and his collaboration with Kotek allowed the work to be finished in an amazing three weeks. Superbly lyrical, novel in construction and possessive of a tuneful, exuberant finale, the Violin Concerto in D Major, Op. 35 gives some idea of the relaxed mood in which Tchaikovsky wrote this work, as well as the impression that an awakening spring must have had upon him. Acclaimed violinist Hilary Hahn joins the MSO for Tchaikovskyâ€™s D Major Concerto.
Â At Uihlein Hall on May 30, 31, and June 1.
Â UW-Milwaukeeâ€™s Fine Arts Quartet kicks off its four-concert â€śSummer Evenings of Music Festivalâ€ť with three Romantic quartets and an opera excerpt for string sextet. Works to be performed are the Quartet No. 2 in A Minor for violin, viola and two cellos by Anton Arensky (1861-1906); String Quartet No. 1 in G Minor by Sergei Rachmaninov (1873-1943); String Quartet in E-Flat Major by Felix Mendelssohn (1809-47); and the Prelude for String Sextet, Op. 85 from Capriccio by Richard Strauss (1864-1949).
Â At Helen Bader Concert Hall on June 1.